Accelerating the Global Pace of Energy Efficiency Improvement through Energy Access
This study argues that innovation in the development of appliances for off-grid applications should lead to a major acceleration of energy efficiency improvement rates globally, potentially doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency technology.
Fill out the form below to activate file downloads
You can now download the files related to this report above.
This study provides a quantitative estimate of efficiency improvement milestones that will need to be met in order to cost-effectively achieve the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) campaign’s goals of ensuring “universal access to modern energy services” and “doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency” within the next decade.
The study shows that accelerating progress in energy efficiency will be critical to providing affordable access to modern energy services for the more than one billion people who currently lack access to electricity. Further, this study argues that innovation in the development of appliances for off-grid applications should lead to a major acceleration of energy efficiency improvement rates globally, potentially doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency technology. This is due to the unique economics facing off-grid consumers and energy service providers.
For off-grid households in developing countries, the cost of electricity is extraordinarily high—from $0.30/kWh to $1 kWh, compared to $0.10/kWh to $0.36/kWh for grid-connected consumers—inspiring demand for cost-optimized, highly energy efficient appliances. Adding to this dynamic is the fact that in off-grid contexts, consumers are often very poor, and an off-grid energy system represents a significant outlay of income.
If billions of un- and under-electrified consumers throughout the developing world are going to receive electricity services through off-grid solar systems, a market for super-efficient appliances that meet energy service demands while minimizing energy supply costs will need to be developed.
As such, the unique economic pressures of the off-grid market promise to inspire appliance design that emphasizes energy efficiency. Enabling the growth of this market, and supporting it through targeted policy and research efforts, provides a “roadmap” for simultaneously realizing global energy access goals and increasing the rate of energy efficiency improvement.
Experience with other technology innovation processes indicates that pursuit of such accelerated and ambitious energy efficiency-improvement goals will need guidance in the form of long-term technology planning. Such planning may require policymakers, technologists, financial institutions, manufacturers, and suppliers to set expectations for efficiency milestones in different off-grid products, and then to create robust R&D and market programs to achieve these targets.
This report was produced for CLASP by Robert Van Buskirk of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, with funding from the ClimateWorks Foundation. Jim McMahon reviewed a draft of this report and provided many helpful comments and suggestions.
You may like this additional Market Transformation research
Renewable Energy Systems
2021 Appliance Data Trends
The 2021 Appliance Data Trends report builds on the 2018 Appliance Data Trends report and presents updated product performance, energy efficiency, and pricing trends for off-grid appropriate televisions, fans, refrigerators, solar water pumps and early market insights for electric pressure cookers.
Off-Grid Appliance Market Survey 2020
The 2020 Off-Grid Appliance Market Survey shares key insights on the perceived demand for, and impact of, off-grid appropriate appliances using data collected from 133 industry, policy, and development stakeholders. The survey results reflect the dynamic needs of off-grid consumers and aim to characterize the positive socioeconomic impact of a range of household appliances, productive use equipment, and healthcare technologies.
Environmentally Harmful Dumping of Inefficient and Obsolete Air Conditioners in Africa
This report details the extent of the environmentally harmful dumping of inefficient or obselete ACs across ten countries in North, West, East, and Southern Africa, ultimately providing policymakers with a set of solutions to encourage a transition toward highly-efficient, sustainable cooling technologies.
Electric Pressure Cooking: Accelerating Microgrid E-Cooking Through Business and Delivery Model Innovations
To evaluate the need and use-case for EPCs, CLASP conducted a small-scale study with PowerGen Renewable Energy mini-grid EPC customers in rural Tanzania. The report outlines the business model and delivery mechanisms used to distribute the EPCs, demonstrating that in-person trainings and loan facilities are critical components of product uptake and retention.
The Socio-Economic Impact of Super-Efficient Fans in Bangladesh
Super-efficient off-grid fans have the potential to deliver a range of socio-economic, health, and environmental benefits for households in Bangladesh, yet reliable data on the impacts of fans remains sparse. To address these gaps in knowledge, CLASP conducted over 1,600 telephone surveys with off-grid fan customers in Bangladesh.
Policy Measures and Impact on the Market for Room Air Conditioners in India
The Policy Measures and Impact on the Market for Room Air Conditioners in India report analyses and discusses the trends in market growth, technology evolution and market transformation as a result of BEE’s policy program. The paper further explores possible efficiency improvements by 2030 and their climate impacts.
Renewable Energy Systems
Practical Guidelines for Shipping Off-Grid Appliances
This essential guide includes a cost analysis, an overview of import and export regulations, and a set of practical steps to prepare a product for shipment for three appliance categories: small household appliances (e.g. TVs and fans), refrigerators and solar water pumps.