Energy efficiency can help limit Africa's primary energy demand to 50% by 2040, despite fourfold economic growth in the same time period.
International Energy Agency, 2019
Energy efficiency can mitigate rising energy demand
Africa’s population will exceed two billion before 2040, increasing energy demand from industrial production, cooling, and other essential sectors. Despite only producing 2% of global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions, the continent disproportionately bears the harmful effects of climate change. How this rising energy demand is met will then largely influence the continent’s economic growth and climate goals.
Appliance energy efficiency mitigates the impacts of rising electricity demand, which is set to grow twice as fast as the global average over the next two decades, and encourages climate-friendly development without adversely affecting quality of life. CLASP works to assess markets, inform policy, and guide policy compliance strategies in sub-Saharan countries alongside local and international partners.
CLASP Provides Support in These Sub-Saharan Countries
In Kenya, the largest economy in East Africa, more sustainable energy is necessary to achieve the goals of Vision 2030. CLASP collaborates with policymakers to inform and promote ambitious energy efficiency policies for appliances.
Kenya has committed to reducing greenhouse gases emissions by 30% by 2030.
The Kenyan government has announced the Big Four Agenda, as part of Kenya Vision 2030, an ambitious development plan which aims to mitigate the effects of climate change through food security, affordable housing, growth in manufacturing, and affordable healthcare for all. CLASP and Kenyan policymakers have collaborated to develop and promote energy efficiency policies for highly-consumptive appliances since 2017, supported by the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program. Over the multi-year collaboration, CLASP has supported energy efficiency policies for air conditioners and refrigerators, as well as a digital campaign to promote the national energy label and the development of a National Cooling Action Plan, that will help Kenya meet and potentially exceed its climate commitments.
In the Economic Community of West African States, rapidly increasing economic activity and the associated rise in demand for cooling technologies pose a serious challenge to achieving climate goals. We work alongside policymakers to accelerate the impact of cooling efficiency policies by enhancing regional collaboration on policy compliance.
Rapid economic growth is projected to drive a 205% increase in air conditioner sales by 2030, as compared to 2015 levels.
In West Africa, climate-related temperature increases will cause some areas of the region to become as hot as the Sahara Desert within 80 years. As rainfall becomes highly unpredictable and often extreme, causing both severe dry seasons and destructive floods, two-thirds of the population who depend on farming are facing a food crisis. With support from the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program, and in collaboration with the ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE), CLASP has been supporting the development of regional policy compliance for cooling appliances since 2018. Properly enforced cooling policies not only enable access to highly-efficient technologies but reduce the associated carbon dioxide emissions from product-use that drive climate-related weather extremes. CLASP and ECREEE collaborate on policy compliance interventions that remove inefficient products from the market and benefit the climate.
CLASP also provides technical support in South Africa, where a transition to more efficient lighting can alleviate overburdened national grids and the subsequent blackouts, which hamper social, health, and economic activities.
South Africa uses approximately 40% of Africa’s electricity.
CLASP provides support to South African policymakers to promote energy efficient household appliances, commercial equipment, and lighting. Electricity in South Africa is largely coal-based, accounting for a significant majority of their domestic energy generation. Coal mining and combustion largely contribute to global warming, air pollution and decreased water quality—leading to adverse health implications. Energy efficiency policies have significant potential to positively impact human health, economic growth, and the climate.
Environmental Dumping in Africa
CLASP organized an interactive panel discussion on the environmental dumping of cooling products across Africa, and potential solutions to this long-standing challenge.
CLASP Africa Research Publications
In-depth Assessment of Water Efficiency Opportunities in South Africa
In the In-Depth Assessment of Water Efficiency Opportunities in South Africa report, CLASP investigated the opportunity to introduce water efficiency policies in South Africa that could conserve water and avoid associated carbon emissions from water heating.
Global LEAP Awards Off-Grid Cold Chain Follow-Up Report
The Global LEAP Off-Grid Cold Chain Challenge (OGCCC) was launched in August 2018 as part of the Ideas to Impact programme to fill information gaps about one component of the off-grid cold chain (cold storage) with the hopes of contributing to a larger discourse addressing off-grid cold chains designed to support smallholder farmers.
Global LEAP Off-Grid Refrigerator Competition (Round 1) Follow-up Report
The 2016-17 Global LEAP Awards Off-Grid Refrigerator Competition (Round 1) aimed to transform the global market for off-grid refrigerators by incentivising companies to nominate appliances to be tested in laboratory and field settings, and then to be benchmarked against one other. This follow-up review builds on the findings of the evaluation conducted by the innovation foundation Nesta to assess what happened to the Winners and Finalists of Round 1 of the Competition.
Off- and Weak Grid Appliance Market: Sierra Leone
This country profile covers relevant market and appliance performance data for off-grid appliances sold in Sierra Leone based on findings from Efficiency for Access market surveys. The profile explores the overall market landscape in Sierra Leone, the common power type, size, price, and warranty of off-grid appliances sold in retail markets, and other findings relevant to sector stakeholders working in Sierra Leone.
Finding the Sweet Spot: Identifying Affordable Quality Solar Products for the Last Mile
This report brings together the GDC’s findings from 6 months of research on the quality of best-selling non-quality-verified (non-QV) products in Kenya. Through a funnelled field survey and quality testing led by VeraSol, our research identified non-QV products that are close to meeting the Lighting Global Quality Standards while remaining highly price-competitive with leading products in the market today.
Environmentally Harmful Dumping of Inefficient and Obsolete Air Conditioners in Africa
This report details the extent of the environmentally harmful dumping of inefficient or obselete ACs across ten countries in North, West, East, and Southern Africa, ultimately providing policymakers with a set of solutions to encourage a transition toward highly-efficient, sustainable cooling technologies.
Electric Pressure Cooking: Accelerating Microgrid E-Cooking Through Business and Delivery Model Innovations
To evaluate the need and use-case for EPCs, CLASP conducted a small-scale study with PowerGen Renewable Energy mini-grid EPC customers in rural Tanzania. The report outlines the business model and delivery mechanisms used to distribute the EPCs, demonstrating that in-person trainings and loan facilities are critical components of product uptake and retention.
Electric Bankers: Utility-Enabled Finance in Sub-Saharan Africa
This paper, co-authored with the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor, focuses on one of the critical roadblocks to the uptake of appliances — a lack of access to consumer financing for lower income households — and explores how energy providers can close the credit gap.
Use and Impact of Solar TVs
From 2018-2019, Efficiency for Access partnered with 60 Decibels to survey Global LEAP results-based financing customers in East Africa about their experiences with solar TVs. This analysis provides valuable insights into customers’ demographics, usage, and challenges with solar TVs.