Room air conditioners (RAC) now account for up to 50% of off-grid peak load in major metropolitan areas of India. The growing RAC market in India corresponds to a rapid increase in commercial and residential electricity demand, but this expanded access to cooling also benefits human health, productivity and general quality of life. Cooling has become more important as India urbanizes, grows economically and experiences increasingly extreme weather conditions. It is therefore essential to regulate the performance of these products, as energy efficiency policy mitigates the risk that inefficient, environmentally harmful and poor quality RACs saturate the market.
India’s Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) launched the labeling program for fixed-speed room air conditioners in 2006 with periodic revisions that substantially improved efficiency by 35%. Currently, the program covers both fixed and inverter units, assessing performance according to an Indian seasonal energy efficiency metric that accounts for temperature variance across different climatic zones. These RAC policies and subsequent revisions have resulted in significant market transformations towards higher efficiency products. In the last decade, annual sales of RACs in India have grown exponentially and avoided 38 million tons of carbon emissions per 2016-17 estimates. This paper analyses and discusses the trends in market growth, technology evolution and market transformation as a result of BEE’s policy program. The paper further explores possible efficiency improvements by 2030 and their climate impacts.
You may like this additional Evaluation research
U.S. Consumer Attitudes Towards Appliance Efficiency Standards and Purchasing Behaviors by Income, Race, and Homeownership
This Issue Brief serves to inform the US Department of Energy (DOE) and policymakers of the widespread public support for federal appliance energy efficiency standards, and uncover new data on appliance purchasing behaviors.
Farewell to Fluorescent Lighting: How a Phaseout Can Cut Mercury Pollution, Protect the Climate, and Save Money
This study finds that drop-in LED replacement lamps are available for all common linear fluorescent tubes, pin-based compact fluorescent lamps, and specialty applications in the US.
Evaluating Appliance Performance in the Field: Results from Remote Monitoring Solutions Beta Testing
CLASP through Efficiency for Access beta-tested remote performance monitors to develop an ideal solution that monitors the technical performance of solar refrigerators, solar water pumps and solar milking machines in Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Senegal and India.
How Many Years Does It Take the European Commission to Change a Toxic Lightbulb?
CLASP recalculated the effects by country of the Oeko-Institut data for a two-year delay on toxic, fluorescent lighting phase-out in the EU. The data shows significant costs to European citizens in terms of excess energy use, increased pollution, and higher cost to consumers.
Development of Efficiency Policy for Ultra High Definition Televisions in India
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) and CLASP worked with Environmental Design Solutions (EDS) to make a comprehensive assessment of the Indian UHD television market through primary and secondary research to formulate a comparative energy efficiency labeling standard for UHD televisions.
Quantifying Lighting Benefits under the RoHS Directive: Calculating the Cost of Lost Time
CLASP recalculated the effects of the Oeko-Institut data for a one-year, two-year or three-year delay, showing significant costs to European citizens in terms of excess energy use, increased pollution, and higher cost to consumers.
In-depth Assessment of Water Efficiency Opportunities in India
In the In-Depth Assessment of Water Efficiency Opportunities in India report, CLASP and local partner Environmental Design Solutions investigated the viability of water efficiency policies in conserving water and mitigating associated carbon emissions from water heating.
In-depth Assessment of Water Efficiency Opportunities in Brazil
In the In-Depth Assessment of Water Efficiency Opportunities in Brazil report, CLASP investigated the viability of introducing water efficiency policies in Brazil that could conserve natural resources and address the climate crisis.
In-depth Assessment of Water Efficiency Opportunities in South Africa
In the In-Depth Assessment of Water Efficiency Opportunities in South Africa report, CLASP investigated the opportunity to introduce water efficiency policies in South Africa that could conserve water and avoid associated carbon emissions from water heating.