Appliance Efficiency in NDCs: Tracking Changes in Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Climate Agreement
“[T]he failure to mention appliance efficiency in NDCs represents a missed opportunity. Appliances are responsible for nearly 40% of all energy-related CO2 emissions. Efficiency policies, which have been employed by governments for decades, are some of the lowest-cost solutions for reducing appliance energy consumption and associated emissions.”
Lauren Boucher, Manager, Research, CLASP
The world is currently off track in its efforts to limit global warming to 1.5 °C, as highlighted in the Global Stocktake, a key deliverable of COP28. To hit this target, countries need to be more aggressive in their efforts to reduce emissions.
NDCs are a key mechanism for achieving this. However, policymakers often fail to include appliances in their NDCs, CLASP analysis shows, despite the massive mitigation potential of appliance efficiency.
Under the terms of the Paris Agreement, countries must revise NDCs over time, continually raising their ambitions. Nations around the world are now starting this process ahead of a 2025 deadline. This report argues that as part of this effort, policymakers should commit to ramping up appliance efficiency efforts in line with net zero targets.
- Only 47% of NDCs mention appliances, while even fewer (25%) specify the policies needed to reduce their contribution to climate change. Including a clear target for appliance energy efficiency in NDCs is one way to elevate this subject at a high level, helping to build momentum for more ambitious policies in the future.
- Even NDCs of countries committed to appliance efficiency lack specificity. For example, among SEAD Product Efficiency Call to Action signatories, only 25% of NDCs mention Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS), although they’re among the most cost-effective solutions for reducing energy consumption and associated emissions.
- Setting more specific targets for high-energy-consuming appliances — and ensuring that these targets align with net zero goals — can help bridge the gap between the current emissions trajectory and the aims of the Paris Agreement.
You may like this additional Climate research
Consumer Perspectives of Gas and Electric Cooking: Evidence from Four National Surveys in Europe
This CLASP report examines European consumers’ preference and usage of gas and electric cooking appliances. It ascertains awareness of the health risks associated with gas cooking appliances, readiness to transition to electric alternatives, and opinions on potential government interventions.
Keep it Cool: Harnessing Cold Storage to Reduce Food Loss & Support Sustainable Food Systems in Emerging Economies
This Efficiency for Access technology trend brief explores the role of cold storage in reducing food loss and enhancing food security, and highlights organizations that are pioneering these efforts.
Getting Appliances Back on Track: Assessing Progress Towards Global Energy Efficiency Commitments
This report tracks the progress of 15 countries who signed onto the Appliance Efficiency Call to Action in 2021 at COP26 in Glasgow, which pledged to double the energy efficiency of four product categories by 2030.
Pathways to Prevent Dumping of Climate Harming Room Air Conditioners in Southeast Asia
CLASP’s new report examines the ongoing, widespread sale of less efficient air conditioners with obsolete refrigerants across Southeast Asia. The research includes actionable solutions which could reduce a billion tons of carbon dioxide emissions over 25 years, and slash consumers energy bills.
Market Assessment Report for Chillers in India
This report examines the potential for GHG emissions reduction and energy consumption in India through the adoption of a mandatory efficiency labeling program for chillers in India. CLASP and Environmental Design Solutions provided technical assistance to the Bureau of Energy Efficiency to assess the market for chillers in India.
Market Assessment Report for Light Commercial Air Conditioners in India
This report examines the vast potential for GHG emissions reduction and energy consumption in India from Light Commercial Air Conditioners (LCACs) through the mandatory efficiency labeling program. It delves into the technical assistance provided by CLASP and PwC to the Bureau of Energy Efficiency to upgrade the labeling program for LCACs to a mandatory phase.