CLASP & Partners Applaud Commission’s Move to Phase Out Fluorescents in the EU

CLASP and the European Environmental Bureau welcome the decision to adopt provisions that will phase out compact and linear fluorescent lamps.

European Environmental Bureau (EEB)

The EEB and CLASP applaud the European Commission for adopting proposals that will phase out all general purpose compact and linear fluorescent lamps (CFL and LFL) containing mercury in the coming two years.

Currently, the EU regulates mercury in light bulbs through the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive, by allowing mercury use in lighting via an exemption list. CFLs and LFLs have been tolerated so far because of the once limited availability of mercury-free alternatives.

For years the EEB, CLASP, Member States and experts have tirelessly campaigned to end mercury lamps, as there are more efficient, mercury-free Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) widely available on European markets, making fluorescent lamps redundant. In 2019, a study by CLASP and the Swedish Energy Council proved that “91-93% of fluorescent light fixtures in Europe can accept LED retrofits“.

Mercury is a well-documented neurotoxin that causes adverse effects to the developing brain, cardiovascular system, kidneys, and thyroid glands. The World Health Organisation puts mercury in the top ten most problematic chemicals for public health.

The European Commission could have by law removed inefficient and toxic fluorescent lamps from sale as far back as 2018, when its own experts confirmed the legal criteria for a market ban under RoHS were fulfilled. Their availability until the end 2023 is estimated to cost bill-payers over €16.8 million per day in lost efficiency savings for the next 2 years, according to recent NGO estimates.

Michael Scholand, Senior Advisor with CLASP Europe, said, “While the Commission’s decision has been delayed several years, the savings from this measure are still significant and will benefit EU citizens and businesses. Between 2023 and 2035, we calculate a net savings to the EU of €18.2 billion, as well as avoiding 1.8 metric tonnes of mercury from the fluorescent lamps. Furthermore, over 190 TWh of electricity will be saved, avoiding 55 million metric tonnes of CO₂ and contributing to the EU’s COP26 CO₂ reduction targets.”

Elena Lymberidi-Settimo, Policy Manager at the EEB for the Zero Mercury Campaign said, “The European Parliament must now follow through this big step forward and allow rapid final adoption of a ban on these mercury inefficient lamps. At the same time, the EU should follow its commitments set out in the European Green Deal, Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability and Zero Pollution Action Plan and support the African region’s proposal at the next session of the Minamata Convention’s Conference of the Parties in March 2022, to prohibit the manufacture and export of most fluorescent lights by 2025.”

To the regret of NGOs, progress towards phasing out other mercury added lamps, such as high-pressure sodium (orange streetlights) and metal halide lamps, has not yet been made. The amendments to the RoHS Directive will still allow these mercury-containing lamps to remain on the market for the next 3-5 years at a minimum.

Read the article on


Sign up for the CLASP newsletter