The use of fossil gas in cooking must be phased out to meet net zero targets in the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK). Research shows that gas hobs emit harmful pollutants and are less efficient than electric hobs, although public awareness of these issues is low.
Upcoming policy revisions by the European Commission and the UK government offer an opportunity to address these challenges. However, the research available to policymakers does not consider differences in emissions and efficiency between appliance types, potentially leading to a lack of understanding of the costs and benefits associated with transitioning to electric hobs.
To address this knowledge gap, this report provides an overview of the total cost of ownership for gas and electric hobs in the EU and UK. The analysis assumes that these appliances are purchased in 2025 and used for 15 years.
- Contrary to the perception of gas hobs being cheaper, electric hobs are more cost-effective in most European countries, particularly in the Netherlands and Portugal.
- Hotplates and infrared hobs offer lower total costs of ownership than gas hobs, on average.
- Induction hobs are pricier, but moderate government incentives can make them cost-competitive.
- In the UK, hotplates are the most affordable option. Induction hobs are more expensive but still competitive.
- Price fluctuations may impact the total cost of ownership over time.
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